Satellite images show the changing water levels in the Aral Sea from to Timeline of shrinking In the early s,  the Soviet government decided the two rivers that fed the Aral Sea, the Amu Darya in the south and the Syr Darya in the east, would be diverted to irrigate the desert, in an attempt to grow rice, melons, cereals, and cotton. This temporarily succeeded, and in , Uzbekistan was the world's largest exporter of cotton. Most of the sea's water supply had been diverted, and in the s, the Aral Sea began to shrink. The rate of water use for irrigation continued to increase; the amount of water taken from the rivers doubled between and , and cotton production nearly doubled in the same period. As early as , Aleksandr Asarin at the Hydroproject Institute pointed out that the lake was doomed, explaining, "It was part of the five-year plans , approved by the council of ministers and the Politburo.
Polluted Asian lake Crossword Clue
Asian body of water - Answers with 7 Letters
Further irrigation and dry conditions in right caused the sea's eastern lobe to completely dry up for the first time in years. Satellite imagery released this week by NASA shows that the eastern basin of the freshwater body is now completely dry. Actually a freshwater lake, the Aral Sea once had a surface area of 26, square miles 67, square kilometers. It had long been been ringed with prosperous towns and supported a lucrative muskrat pelt industry and thriving fishery, providing 40, jobs and supplying the Soviet Union with a sixth of its fish catch.
SHRINKING ASIAN SEA
All In the s, the Soviet Union undertook a major water diversion project on the arid plains of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. Before the project, the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya rivers flowed down from the mountains, cut northwest through the Kyzylkum Desert, and finally pooled together in the lowest part of the basin. The lake they made, the Aral Sea , was once the fourth largest in the world. Although irrigation made the desert bloom, it devastated the Aral Sea. At the start of the series in , the lake was already a fraction of its extent yellow line.
Indian children play on a parched area of the shrunken Varuna River, a tributary of the Ganges River. The country's waterways have drawn media attention for some time. The Ganges, one of the most sacred rivers in the world, is also known as the dirtiest.