Patricia Geraghty, NP Women's Health In November the Institute of Medicine IOM , the organization that reviews research and makes recommendations about vitamins and dietary supplements, issued new guidelines for calcium. Teens and women in their twenties are still developing the internal bone structure, called trabecular bone, that provides much of the strength to the skeleton and is also the bone that is lost with age. Getting enough daily calcium, perhaps especially while pregnant or breastfeeding, not only makes sure the developing infant is healthy, but also protects the mother's health for years to come. Brigham and Women's Hospital It is especially important for you to get 1, mg of calcium daily while you are breastfeeding. Your body routes calcium to your milk supply before it uses the calcium to fortify your bones.
In preterm children who do not have the ability to suck during their early days of life, the use of cups to feed expressed milk and other supplements is reported to result in better breastfeeding extent and duration subsequently than bottles and tubes. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, with solids gradually being introduced around this age when signs of readiness are shown. Supplemented breastfeeding is recommended until at least age two and then for as long as the mother and child wish. It assists the uterus in returning to its pre-pregnancy size and reduces post-partum bleeding, as well as assisting the mother in returning to her pre-pregnancy weight. Breastfeeding also reduces the risk of breast cancer later in life.
Why calcium in breastmilk is independent of maternal dietary calcium and vitamin D.
Additional information Introduction Your child can continue breastfeeding just as often during the second year, but offer solid foods a few times a day. As baby slowly moves into eating more solids, your milk will fill any nutritional gaps nicely. Once you do start to breastfeed less often, remember that you must make a greater effort to ensure that your child eats several meals of nutritious food each day. There are many people in many parts of the world who do not drink milk and still manage to get all the calcium, protein, fats, vitamin D, etc. Good non-dairy sources of fats include soy and safflower oils, flax seed and flax seed oil, walnuts, fish and fish oils, avocado.
This need is especially great during the last 3 months of pregnancy. So, it is disconcerting that most women of childbearing years are not in the habit of getting enough calcium. This is especially true during the last half of pregnancy, when the baby is growing quickly and has the greatest need for calcium.