Even when attending marriages or funerals, people are expected to give a certain amount of money as a gift to help fund the ceremony. You can see why properly learning how to express the giving and receiving of favors and items is a very important and useful skill. I hope to prove in this section that it is conceptually quite straightforward and simple. You must use this verb when you are giving something or doing something for someone else. This applies to all the other sections in this lesson as well. The following diagram illustrates the direction of giving from the point of view of the speaker.
Learn to Use the Japanese Present Tense and Enjoy the Gift of Gab | FluentU Japanese
Needless to say Japanese has it, too — and knows quite a lot to do with it. At first look, it seems that the Japanese past tense is a pretty easy thing to handle. This spares the learner quite some interpretative hair-splitting. So much for the easy part. The first shock to the unsuspecting language learner this one included comes when they realize that past forms are not restricted to verbs but are also available for adjectives.