Breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants; it is also an integral part of the reproductive process with important implications for the health of mothers. Review of evidence has shown that, on a population basis, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is the optimal way of feeding infants. Thereafter infants should receive complementary foods with continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond. Breast milk promotes sensory and cognitive development, and protects the infant against infectious and chronic diseases. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces infant mortality due to common childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea or pneumonia, and helps for a quicker recovery during illness. Breastfeeding contributes to the health and well-being of mothers; it helps to space children, reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and breast cancer, increases family and national resources, is a secure way of feeding and is safe for the environment.
Paget's disease of the breast
Breastfeeding - Wikipedia
Breastfeeding , also known as nursing , is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Deaths of an estimated , children under the age of five could be prevented globally every year with increased breastfeeding. Benefits for the mother include less blood loss following delivery, better uterus shrinkage, and decreased postpartum depression. Health organizations, including the World Health Organization WHO , recommend breastfeeding exclusively for six months. Changes early in pregnancy prepare the breast for lactation. Before pregnancy the breast is largely composed of adipose fat tissue but under the influence of the hormones estrogen , progesterone , prolactin , and other hormones, the breasts prepare for production of milk for the baby. There is an increase in blood flow to the breasts.
Breastfeeding is the normal way of providing young infants with the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development. Virtually all mothers can breastfeed, provided they have accurate information, and the support of their family, the health care system and society at large. Colostrum, the yellowish, sticky breast milk produced at the end of pregnancy, is recommended by WHO as the perfect food for the newborn, and feeding should be initiated within the first hour after birth. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. WHO produces these infogrpahics to raise awareness on breastfeeding for its encouragement.
NCBI Bookshelf. Geneva: World Health Organization; Those discussed here include breast conditions and other breastfeeding difficulties, twins, a mother separated from her baby, a child with sickness, abnormality or a condition that interferes with suckling, and conditions of the mother. Growth faltering and nonexclusive breastfeeding are discussed in Session 5.